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Most Long Island residents who are under financial duress look for relief. Some need a fresh start and some need a financial plan to prioritize debt, but most importantly, people need help. One such way to get assistance is by the protection of the bankruptcy laws. For an individual, there are two chapter filings that can provide relief, and they are Chapter 7 and Chapter 13.

To provide a sense of comfort, the term bankruptcy does not necessarily mean that you lose everything. This is a common fear, however, there are certain exemptions that are in place that allows you to protect your property. These exemptions allow certain items to be protected against being sold in the repayment to creditors. These exclusions vary from state to state and is totally dependent upon where you reside. Regardless of the state that you live in, an attorney is necessary who will work on your behalf. The Law Offices if Adam C. Gomerman are licensed in the State of New York and are happy to speak with any Long Island resident regarding bankruptcy and the oftentimes confusing questions surrounding asset protection and bankruptcy exemptions. 
Millions of Americans, and thousands of Long Island residents, are drowning in a sea of debt. This debt has many different causes. Some people are faced with underwater mortgages for houses they never should have bought. Other people are forced to pay massive medical bills or run up tens of thousands of dollars on credit cards. These people are often overwhelmed by the process of asking for help or applying for discharge. This feeling can be mitigated somewhat by the emergency discharge process. Emergency bankruptcy is by no means a solution to a person's financial problems. Instead, it is a tool that a person can use to stem the damage from their obligations and eventually get back on track. If you are looking for emergency bankruptcy filing in New York or on Long Island, contact The Law Offices of Adam C. Gomerman today to speak with an experienced Long Island bankruptcy attorney.

Why would one need an emergency bankruptcy filing?

The process of gaining official debt liquidation or repayment is a time-consuming one. It can involve signing and processing a number of forms and aggregating a considerable amount of financial data. This process can be stressful for a person who has nothing else to do. But people who are going through discharge are incredibly stressed and face pressure from a number of different areas. They are often being harassed by creditors and bill collectors. The tactics of many bill collectors are ruthless and unscrupulous. Some collectors knock on a person's door and directly demand the money that is owed. They can call at many hours of the day and constantly send pieces of mail threatening wage garnishment. In many instances, bill collectors will try illegal tactics such as impersonating law enforcement. They count on people facing overwhelming bills to be too overwhelmed to fight back and file charges. In many instances, that assumption is correct. Some parts of the bill collection system are irreversible. Many banks will have a foreclosure sale for people who are far enough behind on their debts. These sales are final and cannot be undone. Therefore, people sometimes need an emergency option to stop the foreclosure system at any time. Emergency creditor relief filing is useful for these situations. A person can go through an immediate filing and secure an immediate halt on a foreclosure procedure. They can then work their way through the procedure and secure protections for their property. Preparing a filing is much easier when a person is able to do so in the comfort of their own homes.

Types of bankruptcy Long Island, New York

Along with filing for official protection from their creditors, individuals looking for an emergency filing on Long Island or New York need to determine what kind they are filing for. Chapter 13 is a common form that involves a person setting up a sanctioned debt repayment plan out of their regular income. This type of bankruptcy is for people who have a considerable income and still work a job. It can be less debilitating to a person's overall credit score and credit history than a Chapter 7 discharge. In Chapter 7 in NY, a person secures discharge of their debt except for special cases such as student loan debt. Chapter 7 discharge takes away many types of property from a person and sells that property in order to help discharge debt. Creditors, like credit card companies and hospitals holding medical bills, line up and are paid according to the importance of their bills as determined by a court. Some creditors will receive nothing in a process that reflects the risk they took on when they made a loan or extended a line of credit. People who go through Chapter 7 often are unable to borrow money for seven years. They have to start over financially from scratch but are able to do so without fear of foreclosure or constant calls from bill collectors.

Steps to filing for bankruptcy on long island

There are multiple steps to filing for bankruptcy on Long Island. The first step to an immediate bankruptcy filing is filling out a skeleton form. This form has a number of sections that must all be filled out quickly. There is a general information petition where an individual lists their identifying information, the basics of their situation, and what chapter they would like to file under. A person fills out this form along with a list of creditors and their addresses. This list is essential to informing these persons that they need to stop all collections procedures while a person is filing for official protection from their creditors. Then, a person needs to address the credit counseling requirement. They must show that they have attended credit counseling and that it has been unsuccessful in allowing them to meet their credit obligations. Finally, there is the filing of a form of dismissal along with the skeleton form. The form of dismissal provides for a legal justification to dismiss a case if the full amount of paperwork is not turned in within 14 days. All of these forms are filed together along with a fee. If a person cannot pay the fee or wants a payment plan, they can file a form requesting a waiver. All of these forms are quickly reviewed and put into action. Once the Long Island court accepts the emergency filing with the blessing of a lawyer review, they can immediately send out notices to creditors stopping all actions. The creditors then have 14 days to wait until it becomes clear what a person is going to do. If the person does not file their paperwork, they can go back to wage garnishment or foreclosure in order to retrieve their bills. But if they succeed in filing the paperwork, they are once again halted and have to go through the discharge process.

What to do next?

Any individual who is considering an immediate bankruptcy filing in Long Island needs to first consult an attorney and a financial adviser. The financial adviser and attorney will help an individual gauge their financial situation and determine if discharge is right for them. Many people feel overwhelmed by their bills and simply want out as quickly as possible. Professionals will help a person determine if they need to go this drastic step and what they need to do. Most courts in NY require that a person also go through credit counseling before filing for bankruptcy. The person should follow the suggestions of credit counseling as they attempt to work their way out of their debt problems. If a person has to file for emergency bankruptcy, they should first start by quickly filling out the required forms with the help of an attorney. Then, they should focus on filling out other required forms associated with creditor protection with the help of a lawyer. These forms include itemized lists of different pieces of property and means test forms as well as lists of expenses and income. Such forms help a court better ascertain a person's financial situation and the best way for creditors to receive as much as they reasonably can. A person needs to put all of their time and effort into filling out these forms on time. Missing a filing deadline can be debilitating in many ways. It can lead to a person being poorly treated in any future discharge filings as well.

Conclusion

An emergency bankruptcy filing should be viewed as a final step in the debt repayment process. People should do everything they can in order to avoid this drastic step. It may not be particularly helpful in the bankruptcy process after the emergency declaration has been granted. Enlisting the help of a lawyer may also cost money that a person does not think they have. But the process may be worthwhile if it means the difference between keeping or losing one's house.

To speak with a qualified, experienced bankruptcy attorney on Long Island today, contact our offices immediately to schedule your consultation.
Owning a company can be stressful, especially if your personal finances are in jeopardy. Bankruptcy seems to be the logical way out for financial woes, but you must wonder how this will affect your establishment. The structure of the company will dictate if any of the company assets can be used to pay back your creditors.

You have a few options when it comes to bankruptcy, but it's best to speak with an attorney to properly advise you on the best route. As an individual, you can file either a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13.
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If you don't have the right amount of health insurance coverage, a serious health complication or injury that results in a trip to the hospital can cause you to be provided with costly health care bills that you have no way of paying. In many cases, these bills are unable to be repaid in a timely manner, which can cause the affected individual to file for Chapter 7 in an attempt have their debts discharged. If you're thinking about filing for bankruptcy because of the medical debts that you owe, it's important that you speak with a reputable attorney who can help guide you through this extensive process.

What Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Entails

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is available to certain individuals who are no longer able to make their loan payments and pay off their credit cards. When a person files for this form of bankruptcy, some of these debts will be erased and discharged. In order to repay what you owe, most of your possessions will be sold, which includes any cars that you own and even your home. You might want to consider the Chapter 13 option if you want to be able to hold on to some of your more important possessions.

While in Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you must continue to pay child support, spousal support, utilities, mortgage, rent, income tax, and insurance. If you belong to a homeowners' association, you must pay it. Chapter 7 is for individuals or business entities. Your checking account should not be in a lienholder's bank. Because you can lose your insurance by filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, your insurance policies should be paid a year in advance. Rental cars, leased furniture, leased business equipment, and home appliances not paid for in full are examples of items that can be returned to their owners. You can discharge the deficiency balance.

Post-Petition Payments and Chapter 7

Post-petition payments are due after you file your initial petition for Chapter 7 or those that you'll continue to pay after your debts are discharged. Medical bills incurred prior to filing your petition may be discharged. Bills from the same doctor while you're waiting for your final discharge must be paid. Examples of post-petition payments are student loans, debts for extravagant purchases, and court judgments and expenses.

Automatic Stay During Chapter 7


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When debt becomes overwhelming, bankruptcy may be an option to help a person gain control of their finances and start fresh. The Law Offices of Adam C. Gomerman can help with your student loan questions as it relates to bankruptcy. A bankruptcy can often provide relief and potentially a discharge of many types of debt. However, those with high student loan payments are not always able to get relief. In general, student loans are not often considered for discharge. To receive any kind of relief from student loans in bankruptcy court, a person would have to prove that paying these loans would cause an undue hardship before this relief could even be considered. In these situations, the assistance of an attorney is often recommended to help ensure the right information is provided to the bankruptcy courts to ensure consideration for this debt is taken.

Student Loan Debt and Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

For many people with a regular income and high debt, Chapter 13 bankruptcy is the option they choose to find relief. Chapter 13 provides a method for consumers to have their bills reorganized and provides an affordable payment plan over the next three to five years. Often, the remaining debt can be discharged after the repayment period. However, bills considered non-dischargeable cannot be wiped out. Student loans are considered this type of debt.

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Filing bankruptcy on Long Island is a decision that should not be taken lightly by anyone. The process can be intricate and confusing for most novice filers who attempt the legal task without the assistance or representation of an experienced attorney. The ramifications following a bankruptcy petition acceptance is long-term in most situations regardless of the chapter being requested. It is important to understand that filing a bankruptcy petition is the equivalent of asking the government to intervene in a private credit arrangement to block the creditors from exercising their rights to pursue legal remedies against an account discharge. The creditors can always contest the terms, and the court refuses more petitions than filers realize. It is not an automatic process by any stretch, and petitions filed without legal representation are commonly rejected by the court for a variety of reasons. Even qualifying within the scope of the means test can be complicated for a DIY bankruptcy petitioner.

Preparation is Key to a Successful Chapter 13 Case

The best method of beginning the process is doing a complete workup well before filing. All aspects of the petition should be addressed on a practice version and evaluate the best information for each step. The first step will be evaluating the information needed for the means test, which will determine if you can even file. Each chapter of bankruptcy is different as well. Those seeking to discharge overwhelming debt will typically use Chapter 7, but all clear personal assets could be marked by a judge for sale with the proceeds being applied as payments to creditors. Chapter 13 filings are different to a large degree, and they are normally used to keep from losing a home or some other type of real estate that would be vulnerable for sale or possession in a Chapter 7 petition. The means test is also used to qualify for Chapter 13 as well, and the terms of the repayment plan must be acceptable to all other parties.

Chapter 13 Repayment Plans

DIY pro se bankruptcy petitioners must develop a feasible repayment plan that is usually set at five years for all outstanding debt to be considered paid current. Chapter 13 can include some discharging of debt as in a Chapter 7 filing, but the real advantage of a Chapter 13 filing is that it can protect a home from foreclosure and protect your credit rating in the end. Sometimes creditors will renegotiate outstanding accounts to avoid inclusion in a bankruptcy petition, but these must be finalized before the petition becomes effective. This is a component of filing for bankruptcy where having a legal representative negotiating an agreement is a real advantage. The purpose of a Chapter 13 petition is effectively a debt consolidation plan that repays as many creditors as possible while protecting a dwelling and minimized the credit rating damage to the petitioner. More on how Chapter 13 can impact your credit here.
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Bankruptcy was designed to provide consumers a method of restructuring, reducing or eliminating debt, although not all types of debt can be eliminated through bankruptcy. The two most common types of bankruptcy are Chapter 7 bankruptcy, which is a debt discharge, and Chapter 13, which is a debt restructuring. Both types of bankruptcy guidance are offered by The Law Offices of Adam C. Gomerman here on Long Island.

Before you can file any forms for your discharge, you’ll need credit counseling from an agency that’s government-approved. This is mandatory and should be completed immediately before filing. Many consumers file for Chapter 7 on their own, which is called “pro se” or “pro per” representation. Although filing Chapter 7 for yourself will be arduous and tedious, if you are detail-oriented, you can do it and save some money on attorney fees. However, it’s always wise to have an attorney peruse your forms before you file them so that they aren’t returned for errors or improper filing procedures.

Learn the Bankruptcy Law in New York State

Laws have changed regarding bankruptcy, so familiarize yourself with the most recent changes, and ensure that you follow the instructions provided by the clerk’s office. Sometimes, issues can arise from matters as simple as using the wrong typeface, so be sure you’re aware of the information details about the correct process for filing. In preparation for filing Chapter 7, you’ll need a list of all your assets and liabilities. This includes your:
  • Home and other real estate
  • Furniture and appliances
  • Vehicles, tools, and equipment
  • Bank accounts, stocks, bonds, securities, cash on hand
  • Jewelry, clothing, and other personal assets
  • Animals used for commercial purposes or expensive hobbies
You’ll also need a list of all your creditors including credit cards, student loans, child support or any other entity to which you owe money or make monthly payments. You’ll need addresses and account numbers. Some types of debt, such as child support or student loans, are not dischargeable through bankruptcy, so make sure that filing Chapter 7 will accomplish your goals. Most of your assets will be liquidated in Chapter 7 so be prepared for that event. It will also become a matter of public record and will be available for friends, family, co-workers and prospective employers. Hiring a lawyer before you file may be money well spent so that you pursue the best course for your circumstances. It’s possible that a Chapter 13 or another avenue may be better for you.

Documentation Needed to File Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

You’ll need proof of income for the last six months as well as proof of expenses. Only consumer debt is considered, business debts aren’t included in this type of bankruptcy. This documentation is necessary in order for the court to determine your disposable income each month. If your median income is less than the median income for your area, then you’ll most likely be allowed to file for Chapter 7. If you have significantly more income than the median in your state and city, then the court may require additional proof of your need to file. Some individuals aren’t required to take the means test, including:
  • Disabled veterans
  • Some active duty personnel
  • Those with business debt rather than consumer debt
Some types of income aren’t included in the means test, such as:
  • SSI, SSDI, TANF, and Social Security Retirement
  • Payments to a victim of terrorism
  • Payments to a victim of a war crime
Income that’s included in the means test includes:
  • Wages, including bonuses and overtime, tips, commissions
  • Net business income
  • Rental income, royalties, dividends, annuities
  • Unemployment and worker’s compensation
  • Spousal support
  • State disability payments
The court will use all the financial information you provide -- income, expenses, and assets -- to conduct a means test that will determine your eligibility to file bankruptcy. The means test is only used for individuals or couples, it’s not used for businesses who file. If you urgently need to file Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 but time constraints limit your ability to amass and complete the forms, you may be able to submit an emergency filing that will provide you with the court-ordered stay that will protect your income and assets from being seized or attached. Laws governing Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 vary by state, but most don’t allow non-attorney personnel to provide legal advice or information to pro se representatives, so court clerks won’t be able to answer any legal questions. Some states allow you to initiate your case online, and you may be eligible for a fee waiver if you can’t afford the filing fees, which vary by state.

The Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Process

Once you have the information necessary to complete the forms, the following procedures will guide you through the process:
  • Get credit counseling if you haven’t already done so. Ask our office for credit help.
  • Obtain the forms, including the fee waiver if needed.
  • Complete the forms.
  • Consult with an attorney or a legal service to ensure that the forms are completed correctly.
  • File the forms. Protection from creditors is immediate upon filing your case.
  • A trustee will be assigned to your case and usually, the trustee is a lawyer.
  • A meeting of your creditors will occur and you’ll probably need to attend unless you have hired a lawyer.
  • Your eligibility to file will be determined.
  • Secured debt and property that isn’t secured are processed.
  • You’ll receive your discharge and your case will be closed within about a month..

Life After Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

After your case has been discharged, you’ll need to work on rebuilding your life and your credit. With the proliferation of Chapter 7 and Chapter 11 filings in recent years, more programs are available that will help with rebuilding credit and rebuilding your life. It was an event that was necessary, it happened. Don’t castigate yourself, use it as a learning tool and profit from the experience.
Many people face serious problems with debt. One small event or emergency has the potential to create situations where these people are unable to keep up with the payments on these debts. This can create further complications with that debt and may have devastating effects on their credit ratings. Low credit ratings cause issues in many aspects of a person’s life. It can prevent them from getting further credit. It can also have an impact on getting a job or even renting a home. Fortunately, there are methods available for gaining control of one’s debt.

Bankruptcy is an option available for people to gain control of their finances. Chapter 13 Bankruptcy provides a method for restructuring debt. A repayment plan is made that provides an affordable method for people to get their debt under control. There is also Chapter 7. This option is for those with little or no income. This type provides a process to allow debtors to discharge their debt. However, applicants must pass the Bankruptcy Means Test to be eligible for a Chapter 7.
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Chapter 7 eliminates your unsecured debts. It is commonly called liquidation bankruptcy or liquidation chapter. Chapter 13 allows you to repay your creditors over a three-to-five-year period. This chapter is called a wage earner plan. In some instances, filing Chapter 7 is better than filing the alternative bankruptcy chapter option. Below is information about the advantages of filing Chapter 7 instead of Chapter 13.

Chapter 7 Advantages for Your Financial Situation

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the fastest way to get out of debt for most Long Island residents. For example, the Chapter 7 process takes a minimum of three months to complete. The maximum amount of time to complete the process is six months. The actual time period depends on many factors such as how many cases were filed before your case and the complexity of your case. Chapter 13 takes a minimum of three years. If you have a longer repayment time, it’s five years before you can complete the bankruptcy process.

Other advantages of Chapter 7 Bankruptcy include:

1. No monthly payment plan. Chapter 13 requires a payment plan. A payment plan takes three-to-five years. Each month, you must pay the trustee presiding over your case a set payment. The monthly payment is determined at the start of your case. These monthly payments are distributed among your creditors.
How a Loan Modification May Help Reduce Your Monthly Mortgage Payments For homeowners struggling to keep up with their mortgage payments,there are programs available to help avoid foreclosure. However, because these programs are legal agreements, it is prudent for borrowers to consult a lawyer. One viable alternative to foreclosure is a loan-modification program that is an adjustment to the terms of the existing mortgage. Loan modification is designed to provide either temporary or permanent financial relief by reducing the amount of the monthly payments via a reduction in the principle, interest rate or by extending the term of the loan.

Loan-Modification Options

There are several forms of loan modification, with some being better than others. However, the lender that holds the mortgage may not provide all the available loan-modification types.

The full list of options include:

Will Filing for Chapter Bankruptcy 13 Ruin My Credit Score?

When you decide to file bankruptcy, it will be reflected on your credit report for years to come. As such, there is really no way around the brutal truth that filing will have a negative effect on your rating. If you are able to afford a repayment plan, choosing to file under Chapter 13 bankruptcy may help you recover more quickly and save your financial reputation.

Why Creditors Prefer Chapter 13 Instead of Chapter 7

It's no secret that lenders prefer Chapter 13 filing to that of Chapter 7 bankruptcy, but why exactly is this? It basically boils down to the fact that with Chapter 13, your creditors have some hope of future payment. In contrast, when you file under Chapter 7 bankruptcy, if you qualify, their chances of receiving any payment is dim.

Your Credit Score Under Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Under Chapter 7, unsecured debts, such as medical bills and credit card companies, don't usually receive any kind of payment. This is because Chapter 7 doesn't require you to make payments to creditors or set up any kind of payment process. Instead, any owned property that cannot be protected under your state's exemption laws must be turned over to a trustee that is assigned by the court. Your trustee then sells the property for whatever they can get for it and uses the proceeds from the sale to pay off your creditors. However, most filers are able to exempt the majority, if not all, of their assets, thus keeping them out of the reach of the court. This means there is often nothing left to pay off the creditors.
For many consumers, getting a fresh start and putting past financial obligations behind them can be achieved by filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Many people get so over their heads in debt that this is the only way to get out. In order to do so, they will need to work on their credit score by taking the right steps. This includes keeping all credit card balances low and paying off bills on time or even before the due date. However, it is important to realize that filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy won’t just magically repair a credit issue overnight. It can take ten years for a bankruptcy to disappear from a credit report, depending on the exact bankruptcy chapter that was filed by a qualified attorney. Upon successfully completing your Chapter 7 bankruptcy process, our firm is happy to provide credit repair as a service to help expedite the process.

Understanding Your Credit Report

Many people are very surprised at the types of personal data a report contains. To be specific, you can expect to see these three different kinds of information:

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Chapter 7 bankruptcy may be a way to solve your financial problems, but it is not the only way. Chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidates nonexempt property to equitably distribute your wealth to your creditors. If you own a small business or sole proprietorship, you can file under Chapter 11 to liquidate a few nonexempt assets to pay settlement amounts on your delinquent accounts, make extra payments to reduce the principal, or extend the duration of your loans, sales contracts, or leases. Under Chapter 11 or Chapter 13, you can reduce your installment payments by paying for three or five years. You may be able to increase your cash flow by removing encumbrances from your mortgage or your primary business property. If you owe primarily taxes, child support, student loans, or accounts secured by collateral, you can’t discharge or liquidate them. You can file a Chapter 13 repayment plan to repay your secure creditors over three to five years.

Pass the Bankruptcy Means Test

The means test calculates your disposable income. You must pass the test to qualify for liquidation of your nonexempt assets and discharge of your past due accounts. High income does not disqualify you. High income individuals with unusual expenses, such as, high mortgage or car loan payments, delinquent taxes, school loan payments, child support arrears, and medical bills qualify for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

Official Chapter 7 Means Test calculation

The official Chapter 7 means test calculation form attached to the U.S. Bankruptcy Court website begins with your monthly income adjusted with your spouse's monthly income. It considers the number of exemptions on your federal income tax form, and asks for your specific costs of food, clothing, health care, monthly mortgage or rent, other loans secured by your home, ownership and operating costs of vehicles, taxes (federal, state, local, self-employment, Medicare, and social security), telephone, and other necessary expenses. Your disposable income is your combined monthly income minus the summation of all your living expenses. Lastly, if your disposable monthly income times 60 is less than $7,700, you pass the test. If your disposable monthly income times 60 is more than $12,850, you are presumed to be abusing the Chapter 7 process.
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When Long Island borrowers fall behind on bills and can no longer make their minimum monthly payments, they usually consider calling a Long Island bankruptcy attorney and filing for relief. The two bankruptcy options available are Chapter 7 or Chapter 13. Depending on your situation, either option may be the answer you need to move forward and repair your financial life.

One of the mistakes many people make is waiting too long to seek out help. You can stop aggressive collection action before you have your car repossessed or a bank account frozen. These types of disastrous events can be prevented by seeking relief by the courts.
Facing debts that you cannot afford to pay can be frightening, stressful, and overwhelming. The U.S. Bankruptcy Code offers debt relief for individuals, couples, and businesses. The bankruptcy system is designed to give a debtor the relief from debt he needs to recover from a financial crisis and rebuild his finances without the worry of debt collections. It is also designed to protect some of the equity in a person’s property so that the person has the means to recover and rebuild after completing a bankruptcy case.

There are several chapters of bankruptcy available to individuals, including filing under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code. Our Long Island bankruptcy lawyers can help you determine if filing bankruptcy under Chapter 7 is your best debt relief option.
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the most common form of bankruptcy in the United States. It involves the discharge and or liquidation of a debtor's assets in order to settle outstanding debts. However, it can have some negative consequences. Thus, a decision to file should be taken carefully.

If you decide to proceed, hiring bankruptcy attorney to help you navigate the sometimes complicated procedures involved is typically the best forward. With our experienced bankruptcy attorneys, we strive to educate you, as well as make the Chapter 7 bankruptcy process as easy as possible. We will also determine if you are eligible to file at all. If you have had a filing in the previous 6-8 years, then you are barred from doing so.
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